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5G為煤炭綜采工作面轉型帶來新愿景

  • 發布時間: 2021-01-08

煤炭行(xing)(xing)業(ye)(ye),作(zuo)為工業(ye)(ye)互聯網領域(yu)生態環保的(de)重要細分,一直(zhi)以來都是(shi)中(zhong)國(guo)(guo)聯通(tong)關注(zhu)的(de)焦點,而煤礦(kuang)(kuang)智能(neng)化(hua)建設也是(shi)當前煤炭行(xing)(xing)業(ye)(ye)轉(zhuan)型的(de)重要方向。在5G新(xin)基建技(ji)術條(tiao)件下,怎么轉(zhuan)?以怎樣的(de)方式來轉(zhuan)?山西鄉(xiang)寧焦煤集團(tuan)臺(tai)頭(tou)煤焦有(you)限責任公(gong)司(簡稱“臺(tai)頭(tou)煤礦(kuang)(kuang)”)在中(zhong)國(guo)(guo)聯通(tong)5G技(ji)術的(de)加持(chi)下著手(shou)打造智能(neng)礦(kuang)(kuang)山項目(mu),給出(chu)了更(geng)多答案。

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煤礦智能化轉型是大勢所趨

“煤(mei)炭行(xing)業(ye)(ye)是(shi)(shi)高(gao)度流程行(xing)業(ye)(ye),歷(li)來以(yi)工作地(di)質條(tiao)件復(fu)雜,環境惡劣,自然災害多為特點,安全形勢嚴峻,嚴重阻礙了煤(mei)炭行(xing)業(ye)(ye)高(gao)質量發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)。”臺頭煤(mei)礦高(gao)永(yong)林在(zai)接受記者采訪時(shi)表(biao)示,風險高(gao)、條(tiao)件差、用人(ren)難、功效低等一(yi)直都是(shi)(shi)以(yi)往煤(mei)炭行(xing)業(ye)(ye)生(sheng)產難以(yi)避免的難題。“煤(mei)礦智能(neng)化轉型(xing)是(shi)(shi)大勢所(suo)趨。這也是(shi)(shi)新(xin)時(shi)期推動能(neng)源科技創新(xin)、培育轉型(xing)升級新(xin)動能(neng)、激發(fa)(fa)能(neng)源革命新(xin)活(huo)力(li)、實現煤(mei)礦高(gao)質量發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的戰略任(ren)務和必(bi)由之路!”

去年12月4日,國家能源(yuan)局(ju)、國家煤(mei)礦安全監(jian)察局(ju)發布《關于開展首批智能化示范煤(mei)礦建設的通(tong)知》提(ti)到,要以建設少(shao)人無人智能化示范煤(mei)礦為目標(biao)。

聯通(山西)產業互聯網有限公司總經理李藝告訴記者: “5G設備下井,從根本上解決了傳統網絡技術難以滿足井下高危環境、惡劣環境、移動生產環境、生產現場環境多變、戰線長、設備及傳感器數量龐大、用人多等問題。”2.jpg

智能綜采工作面是智能礦山建設核心

綜采(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)(mian)(mian)全稱綜合(he)機(ji)械(xie)化(hua)回采(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)(mian)(mian),是(shi)指以(yi)擁有液壓支架、大功率(lv)刮(gua)板輸送機(ji)、雙滾筒采(cai)煤(mei)(mei)機(ji)的回采(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)(mian)(mian)。綜采(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)(mian)(mian)是(shi)現代化(hua)煤(mei)(mei)礦生產的主要環(huan)節(jie),是(shi)煤(mei)(mei)礦生產中設備最(zui)多、環(huan)境最(zui)惡劣、工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)最(zui)復雜(za)的系統。以(yi)往(wang)在沒有5G無線技術的條(tiao)件下,綜采(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)(mian)(mian)只能(neng)采(cai)用有線網絡作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)為(wei)保(bao)證(zheng),將(jiang)各個相關設備聯系在一起,實(shi)現彼(bi)此數據通訊。

為了(le)實(shi)現5G對臺(tai)頭煤(mei)(mei)(mei)礦智(zhi)能綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)改造(zao),中(zhong)國(guo)(guo)聯通(tong)在工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)部(bu)署(shu)了(le)“一(yi)個核心(xin)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)系(xi)(xi)統+九個子系(xi)(xi)統”,并(bing)針(zhen)對綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)設(she)備(bei)的(de)(de)(de)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)系(xi)(xi)統進行(xing)改造(zao)。據中(zhong)國(guo)(guo)聯通(tong)5G+智(zhi)能礦山項目負責人(ren)峁(mao)秋琪介(jie)紹,整個綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)智(zhi)能控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)成套裝備(bei)可(ke)(ke)以(yi)看作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)是(shi)一(yi)個大型(xing)的(de)(de)(de)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)機器人(ren),其核心(xin)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)系(xi)(xi)統——綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)自動化(hua)順槽集中(zhong)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)系(xi)(xi)統就是(shi)它的(de)(de)(de)大腦,通(tong)過(guo)操(cao)(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)人(ren)員(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)人(ren)機交互實(shi)現指揮采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)(mei),井(jing)下調度(du),一(yi)鍵啟(qi)停采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo),并(bing)監控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)的(de)(de)(de)設(she)備(bei)運(yun)行(xing)情(qing)況。高永林(lin)向記者介(jie)紹道,其九個組成子系(xi)(xi)統可(ke)(ke)以(yi)看作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)是(shi)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)機器人(ren)的(de)(de)(de)四肢(zhi),實(shi)現對各(ge)個綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)面(mian)運(yun)行(xing)設(she)備(bei)的(de)(de)(de)遠程控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi),操(cao)(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)人(ren)員(yuan)在井(jing)上、硐室(shi)等更加安全的(de)(de)(de)位(wei)置操(cao)(cao)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)系(xi)(xi)統,5G網絡(luo)是(shi)一(yi)條高速(su)公路(lu),負責高速(su)并(bing)可(ke)(ke)靠(kao)地將(jiang)指令傳送給安裝在采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)機上的(de)(de)(de)控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)器,控(kong)(kong)(kong)(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)機的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo),將(jiang)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)操(cao)(cao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)端拉遠綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)面(mian),一(yi)定程度(du)上保障工(gong)(gong)人(ren)的(de)(de)(de)生命安全。

 5G+綜采工作面實現煤礦顛覆性變革

以往,煤礦環境條件非常惡劣,長期在(zai)井下(xia)的工(gong)人(ren)(ren)們(men)常常伴隨著呼吸道職業病,采(cai)(cai)煤過程(cheng)中需(xu)要工(gong)人(ren)(ren)對(dui)(dui)綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)設備(bei)(bei)進行手(shou)動(dong)開關操(cao)作(zuo),人(ren)(ren)力(li)投入(ru)比較大,危(wei)險系數(shu)也比較大。而5G+綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)利用(yong)5G技術,以其大帶寬、廣連接、低時(shi)延(yan)的特點,以及擁有較高(gao)(gao)的下(xia)行速率(lv)和上行速率(lv),能夠保證對(dui)(dui)綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)設備(bei)(bei)可靠(kao)高(gao)(gao)速的網絡連接,對(dui)(dui)綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)設備(bei)(bei)進行實(shi)時(shi)監測和自(zi)動(dong)控制,實(shi)現綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)自(zi)動(dong)化開采(cai)(cai),將整個綜(zong)采(cai)(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)的操(cao)作(zuo)人(ren)(ren)員節減至6人(ren)(ren),最大化實(shi)現減員提效(xiao),實(shi)現安全、高(gao)(gao)效(xiao)生產(chan)。

李(li)藝向記者透露,該項(xiang)目充(chong)分(fen)接應了集團公司(si)創新產品“新高地(di)”工程中(zhong),對(dui)“重點領域創品牌(pai)”的(de)要求(qiu)。當前,該項(xiang)目行(xing)業(ye)影響力持續提(ti)升,已經實(shi)現了臺頭煤(mei)礦(kuang)五(wu)個方面的(de)“優越(yue)性(xing)(xing)”: 一是實(shi)用性(xing)(xing),使(shi)系統(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)的(de)功能(neng)盡(jin)可能(neng)地(di)完善并(bing)充(chong)分(fen)加以利(li)(li)用,易于維護;二(er)是可靠性(xing)(xing),針(zhen)對(dui)煤(mei)炭(tan)生產對(dui)安全生產的(de)特殊要求(qiu),選用高可靠設(she)備,以確(que)保系統(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)穩定運(yun)行(xing);三是先進(jin)性(xing)(xing),采用國際上(shang)先進(jin)的(de)5G通(tong)信(xin)技(ji)術(shu)和自動控(kong)制技(ji)術(shu),針(zhen)對(dui)場(chang)景的(de)網絡(luo)切(qie)片和控(kong)制算法融合(he);四(si)是開放性(xing)(xing),遵循有(you)關國家標準和行(xing)業(ye)標準,公開各種(zhong)通(tong)訊協(xie)議接口,系統(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)間具有(you)良好的(de)互(hu)聯、互(hu)操作能(neng)力;五(wu)是整(zheng)體性(xing)(xing),系統(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)設(she)計時(shi)充(chong)分(fen)考(kao)慮各個系統(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)之(zhi)間的(de)相(xiang)互(hu)關聯及整(zheng)合(he),盡(jin)可能(neng)提(ti)高系統(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)的(de)整(zheng)體利(li)(li)用效率。

 5G+智(zhi)能綜(zong)(zong)采(cai)(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)在綜(zong)(zong)采(cai)(cai)面(mian)移動(dong)設(she)備遠程控制等關(guan)鍵生(sheng)產環節進(jin)行了(le)創新(xin)改(gai)造(zao),是(shi)煤(mei)礦(kuang)(kuang)生(sheng)產工(gong)藝的(de)顛(dian)覆性(xing)變革(ge),使5G+工(gong)業互聯網(wang)融合應用(yong)場(chang)景的(de)深度和廣度在煤(mei)礦(kuang)(kuang)這(zhe)一(yi)(yi)特殊場(chang)景下有了(le)開創性(xing)的(de)拓展。作(zuo)為全國首個井下5G智(zhi)能綜(zong)(zong)采(cai)(cai)工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian),臺頭(tou)煤(mei)礦(kuang)(kuang)工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)在煤(mei)礦(kuang)(kuang)最具復(fu)雜性(xing)的(de)采(cai)(cai)煤(mei)工(gong)作(zuo)面(mian)開啟了(le)智(zhi)能化建設(she)工(gong)作(zuo),將為“少人和無人礦(kuang)(kuang)山”建設(she)提供重要的(de)實踐意義(yi)。這(zhe)一(yi)(yi)新(xin)技術變革(ge)標志著中國聯通走(zou)在了(le)5G+智(zhi)能礦(kuang)(kuang)山這(zhe)一(yi)(yi)垂直領域(yu)的(de)前列(lie)。

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